Grader or Bulldozer: Which Do You Need and When Do You Need It?

Apr. 27, 2021

Although Bulldozers and graders are completely different pieces of equipment, there is some overlap in their functions.

A bulldozer can do some imprecise grading, and within certain limits, a grader can "bulldoze" material. This can make it unclear exactly which piece of equipment is best for the job at hand. Here's what you need to know about dozers and graders, and their main differences:



The basics: the difference between a dozer and a grader

A bulldozer is a tracked piece of equipment with a large metal plate in the front that is primarily used to push large amounts of material, such as soil, rubble and sand. It is usually equipped with a claw-like device at the rear, called a trencher - which tears, breaks and loosens compacted material for easy removal.

Bulldozers are widely used in engineering projects, heavy industrial plants, farms and military bases, as well as mines and quarries.

Graders are multi-purpose construction machines. Their primary purpose is to create a flat, or "graded" surface.

Graders usually have one long blade located between the front and rear axles of the vehicle. Sometimes a grader with a second blade, which is located in front of the front axle, is also used.

Graders are most widely used for road construction and maintenance. This includes public roads, as well as roads on mining and construction sites.

When to use which equipment, and why:

Dozers are suitable for rough grading, where their tracks provide excellent ground retention and mobility over rough surfaces.

The bulldozer's wide tracks distribute its weight over a large area, which reduces ground pressure. This allows it to move over sandy and muddy terrain. As a result, the dozer is suitable for work in construction, mining, land clearing, road building, infrastructure construction and forestry projects.

Graders are effective for large projects that require detail and precision and are suitable for working in open areas. They are commonly used to complete grading, shaping, trenching, mixing, spreading, siding, leveling, crowning and creating sloping surfaces.

While a grader can be used to move small amounts of material, it is not designed to move larger or heavier loads. Its physical size and blade placement make it unsuitable for this purpose.

The company also offers Wheel Loader, so please feel free to contact us if you need one!

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